Sahiwal Cow breed price, Milk benefits, Disadvantages & more

The Sahiwal cow is a Zebu breed and has its origin in the Punjab region which is closer to the Pakistan-India border. These cows were once reared by large groups of herdsmen known as ‘Junglies’. That region was dry and they were used as dairy animals by the farmers. With the arrival of a proper water system to the area, these cows began to be kept in fewer numbers.

Information about the Sahiwal Cow breed

This breed is previously found in the Montgomery district of Pakistan. This breed is medium-sized, reddish-brown colored, with shorter legs, loose skin, a wise head, small and bulky horns, a heavy fringe just under the neck, and a big udder. Sahiwal cow breed is the highest milk-giving breed in India. Pure Sahiwal cows can be easily bought from the Fazilka and Abohar towns in Punjab. Bulls are hefty and lethargic and they are good for slow working. Other names for this breed are “Lola”, “Montgomery”, “Multani”, and “Lambi bar”.  It is recorded that they give around 1800 liters of milk in one lactation phase. The milk is healthy and nutritious because it contains only 5% fat.

In India and Pakistan, Sahiwal cows are the best choice for dairy breeding nowadays. They are being exported to other countries like Africa, Australia, and the Caribbean because of their high heat tolerance and high milk-producing qualities.

Characteristics of Sahiwal Cow

  • They are reddish-brown in color with occasional white spots around the neck. Males have darker colors around the head, tails, and legs.
  • They are noted for exceptional resistance against parasites whether internal or external.
  • They are tick-resistant.
  • They are docile and friendly. Being lethargic animals, they are beneficial for slow work.
  • Sahiwal cows are known for their remarkable quality of being the highest milk-giving breed.
  • They are high heat tolerant animals.
  • They can reproduce for more than 20 years. Whereas their contemporaries reproduce only 4-5 times in their lifespan. 
  • Their meat is lean with fat evenly distributed.
Sahiwal Cow

Thus, these qualities make them favorable for their ability to withstand harsh climatic circumstances.

Sahiwal cow price in India 

Cost of Sahiwal cows counts on their age, health, and milk-producing capacity. The average price of these cows falls between Rs. 60k to Rs. 75k.

Pure Sahiwal cow Milk

As said earlier, the Sahiwal breed is best known for its milk-producing quality. It is the highest milk-producing species of the ‘Zebu breed’, and is considered to be the most promising breed. Other breeds that are very similar to Sahiwal cows are Red Sindhi and Butana follow in the milk production.

The average milk production of cows is about 2270kg while feeding the calves. It is recorded that in India, Sahiwal cows produce about 1400-2270 kg of milk during the time period of 265-300 days. The calves enjoy their mother’s milk and yet it yields about 16-20 liters of milk per day. All these qualities make this breed a farmer’s friend.

Its milk contains 3 types of proteins namely Alpha, Beta, and Globin protein. It contains an extremely important component in its milk known as Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA). This component has the potential of lowering bad cholesterol. Its milk is miraculous and a gift from god. It is proven to be beneficial in the treatment of diabetes, heart diseases, and cholesterol.

Thus, it is beneficial for improving overall health. Also, for a greener future we should always rely on natural things over artificially produced.

Comparing Sahiwal with other breeds

The Sahiwal cow is the best milk producer breed as compared to other breeds such as Red Sindhi and Butana. Its lactation yield is about 20/day. It stays reproductive throughout its life while other breeds produce calves 3-4 times during their lifespan. They are farmers’ best choices because of their hardiness and ability to withstand harsh temperatures. Other imported breeds require moderate temperature for survival.

Sahiwal cow’s benefits:

Some of the prominent advantages of the Sahiwal cow are the following:

  • High milk production.
  • Nutritious milk with low-fat content (5%).
  • Milk production can be increased by increasing the care, feeding, and management of the cow.
  • It produces valuable calves suitable for slow work.
  • Ideal for less grazing.

Sahiwal Cow‘s Limitations:

  • It requires extreme care.
  • Vulnerable to milk fever and other diseases.
  • It has a high feed requirement (90-110 kg of fodder per day).
  • A large amount of freshwater is required for this breed (a minimum of 65 liters of water per day).

feed for Sahiwal cow 

Essential nutrients are required for proteins, minerals, and vitamins.

  • Cereals: Sahiwal cow feeds on grains like Corn, Barley, Jowar, Bajra, Gram, Wheat, Oat, Bran, Rice polish, Cornhusk, Beer dry grains, Peanut skin, Cottonseed skin, Sesame skin, Linseed skin, Crushed guar, Tapioca, Triticale, etc.
  • Forage: Alfalfa (first, second, third, and fourth crop), garlic (average), ryegrass (long and short), guara, senji, millet (small), maize (small), millet, napier millet, sudangrass, etc.
  • Dry fodder (hay): Alfalfa grass, garlic grass, straw, oat grass, sugarcane fire, corn pickle, oat pickle, etc.
  • Other Feeding: Corn / Wheat / Rice Drops, Rice Polish, Bran, Soybean / Peanut Skin, Scales / Mustard Skin without Cotton Seed Peel, Oil-Free Polished Rice, Metals and Salt Mixture, etc.
Sahiwal cow

Conclusion

In a nutshell, the Sahiwal cow is a lethargic and docile animal known for its remarkable milk-producing trait. Its milk is extremely nutritious and beneficial for human health. The males of this breed are used for slow working and farmers prioritize them for their friendly nature and ability to withstand high temperature, drought, and grazing conditions.

How to identify pure Sahiwal cows?

The pure Sahiwal cow is brownish red or grayish red in color. The tail, head, and legs are darker in males than the rest of the body. However, you can also see occasional white spots near the neck. They have shorter and heavier horns.

Is Sahiwal cow milk nutritious?

Sahiwal milk is nutritious as it contains a high content of proteins. It has 5% fat content which makes it extremely beneficial for controlling the level of bad cholesterol. Thus, it helps improve health conditions.

Is Sahiwal cow a desi cow?

The Sahiwal is the greatest ‘desi’ milker breed, although it may also be utilized for other things. This species originated in Pakistan’s Sahiwal District, in the Punjab area, near the India-Pakistan border.

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